Desertification problem for Vietnamese waters
“Desertification is a natural and social process that disrupts the ecological balance of soil, vegetation, air and water,” said the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). This process is continuous, over time, leading to a complete loss or degradation of the nutritional capacity of an area, minimizing living conditions and increasing the desolation. ”
For marine areas, desertification is understood to be the area where the natural conditions, the water quality, and the marine landscape are severely damaged, making marine life uninhabitable. This, if it happens, will have a huge impact on the lives of coastal fishermen, the sustainable development, ecological environment security, sovereignty of islands and other serious problems.
Ship ran aground because the Aral Sea in Central Asia dry.
Recent international scientific research shows that there are many reasons for the desertization of the sea; Among them, the leading cause is the impact of global climate change. Other causes include: the discharge of toxic waste into the marine environment, the emission of greenhouse gases or the process of sludge, sea turtles, etc., increase the acidity; Alter the habitat and growth of marine organisms; Meanwhile, under the action of the sea currents formed whirlpools in the forward and reverse sea surface to create the desert sea below …
For Vietnam – a country with more than 3,260 km of coastline – the desertification of the sea has been under the influence of most of these causes. Particularly, in recent years, due to the process of accelerating industrialization and modernization, forming many industrial parks and export processing zones, the risk of desertification of marine areas from environmental pollution (such as Incident of marine environment in four central provinces in 2016) increased gradually.
Being aware of that, the Party and State always pay attention to the protection of the marine ecological environment and the desertification of the sea. Accordingly, on June 3, 2013, our Party issued Resolution 24-NQ / TW on actively responding to climate change, strengthening natural resources management and environmental protection; It emphasizes the protection and prevention of desertification of land and sea areas of the country. The Government has issued many directives, decree on environmental protection, anti-desertification in the localities and localities; To direct all levels and functional branches to attach importance to the development and conservation of marine biodiversity, the planning of nature conservation zones and marine ecological zones.
At the same time, attach importance to promoting the strength of the entire Party, the entire people, the whole army, the entire political system in protecting and preserving the marine environment in various forms and practical measures, such as responding to the Great Day Yang world; “Vietnam Sea and Islands Week” and sea cleaning movements, etc. In addition, actively and actively promote international cooperation in research, prevention, warning and sharing of experiences in preventing and combating the desertification of sea areas, especially in the areas at risk. High desertization
These are very important and practical solutions for Vietnam to effectively prevent sea desertification and contribute to the sustainable development of the marine economy.
Moitruong.com.vn (TH / QPTD Magazine)